The streets of Rutland Square were built around three sides of the Gardens of the Dublin Lying-in Hospital. Building development in the city through the 18th and 19th centuries included many of today’s landmark Dublin buildings.
Parnell Square occupies a position of civic importance, at the north end of O’Connell street, the main street of the capital. It is the starting point for the city’s biggest marches and processions.
The streets of the Square were laid out between 1753 and 1785 with the new houses fine examples of Georgian architecture. Originally residences for 18th century Dublin notables, the large scale of the houses has allowed them to adapt to new uses up to the present day.
Parnell Square has a rich cultural history, from the entertainments of the Pleasure Gardens in the 18th century through to the critically acclaimed productions at the Gate Theatre today. The Square celebrates a love of the Irish language and links with writers such as James Joyce.